“We have been waiting since 9 am (0300 GMT) to take any willing refugees for repatriation,” Khaled Hossain, a Bangladesh official in charge of the Teknaf refugee camp, told AFP news agency after over an hour of waiting.
“Nobody has yet turned up.”
The Rohingya are not recognised as an official minority by the Myanmar government, despite many families having lived in Rakhine for generations. They have been denied citizenship and rendered stateless.
The latest repatriation attempt – a previous push failed in November – follows a visit last month to the camps by high-ranking officials from Myanmar led by Permanent Foreign Secretary Myint Thu.
Bangladesh’s foreign ministry forwarded a list of more than 22,000 refugees to Myanmar for verification and Naypyidaw cleared 3,450 individuals for “return”.
But on Wednesday, several Rohingya refugees whose names were listed told Al Jazeera they did not want to return unless their safety was ensured and they were granted citizenship.
“We will go back only if we are granted full citizenship,” said 35-year-old Farhana Begum, who has two children. “At least we have shelter here.”
Begum said she fears her family will be killed if they return to Myanmar.
Officials from the UN and Bangladesh’s refugee commission have also been interviewing Rohingya families in the settlements to find out if they wanted to return.
“We have yet to get consent from any refugee family,” a UN official said on Wednesday.
Rohingya community leader Jafar Alam told AFP the refugees had been gripped by fear since authorities announced the fresh repatriation process.
They also feared being sent to camps for internally displaced people (IDPs) if they went back to Myanmar.
Bangladesh refugee commissioner Mohammad Abul Kalam said they were “fully prepared” for the repatriation with security being tightened across the refugee settlements to prevent any violence or protests.
Officials said they would wait for a few more hours before deciding whether to postpone the repatriation move.
Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has said her government will not force the refugees to return and the repatriation will only happen if they are willing.
The UN has called the long oppression of Rohingya in the Buddhist-majority country “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.
In New York, UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said Wednesday that repatriations had to be “voluntary”.
“Any return should be voluntary and sustainable and in safety and in dignity to their place of origin and choice,” Dujarric told reporters.
The UN Security Council met behind closed doors on the issue on Wednesday.
Sunday will mark the second anniversary of the crackdown that sparked the mass exodus to the Bangladesh camps.
Faisal Mahmud contributed from Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh