The issue of independence that is Catalan strikes in Spain, where a trial of provincial provincial leaders started\. The government is without the support of Catalan lawmakers in parliament.

Catalonia, Spain’s autonomous northern area with a very long history of pro-independence sentiment, attempted to secede in October 2017. Over 40 percentage of Catalans turned out to the referendum and voted at a landslide in favour of independence, which Madrid refused to recognize and tried to stop through police action. The provincial government then announced Catalonia another nation. The Spanish government moved to quash the bid with drive, arresting 12 officers and sending the others fleeing.

Trial of separatists and evaluation of democracy

The failed attempt is back from the public focus in Spain this past month for two reasons. One is that the long-expected trial of this 12 arrested separatist leaders that started on Tuesday. The charges against them vary in misappropriation of public funds (for printing ballots and holding the poll) to sedition and rebellion, and may result in up to 25 weeks in prison.

The accusations from the Catalan leaders are predicated on the fact that the Spanish constitution, which has been adopted following the death of dictator Francisco Franco at 1975, prohibits any area of the country from seceding.

The shield is expected to assert that the referendum was a calm practice of Catalonia’s directly to self-determination and that the Spanish constitution is against European values and laws in this respect. Rebellion however suggests the usage of violence, which has been done by the Madrid-dispatch authorities against Catalans, not from these.

Ex-Catalonia chief Carles Puigdemont, that fled to Spain, calls the trial a test of Spanish democracy and liberty of its judiciary. Carlos Lesmesthe president of the country’s Supreme Court, insists the event are “the most important trial which we have held since democracy [returned]”.

The trial starts after a very lengthy wait for the defendants, who went on a hunger strike last December, accusing the Spanish government of stalling their prosecution and obstructing their attempts to procure scrutiny over the process from the European Union. The trial is anticipated to last for several months.

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Shaky floor for authorities

Days before the trial started thousands of opponents of Catalan freedom staged a rally in Madrid demanding the authorities stand up to the separatists. Organized by the right-wing parties of Spain, they required the Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez rejected the demands for a new referendum from lawmakers, whose service is essential to maintain his minority government afloat\.

The socialist-led cabinet of Sanchez took power last April, replacing, by means of a confidence vote, the conservatives of Mariano Rajoy, under whose opinion the Catalan referendum occurred. He also advocated dialogue, while Sanchez affirmed how the crisis was handled by his predecessor.

His government depends on Catalan aid to pass laws and made several concessions to them recently — that prompted the right-wing resistance to call their supporters on the streets in the weekend. However, what some opposition politicians branded \from Sanchez, was apparently considered insufficient with the Catalans themselves.

The tacit alliance is place to collapse on Wednesday, once the administration’s 2019 budget suggestion will be voted on in the parliament. Minority regional parties, including the Catalans, refused to affirm the crucial bit of legislation.

Sanchez earlier placed his political success in the bet, stating that if the proposal is not adopted, he’d call a snap election at mid-April. Neither side appears to be prepared to yield, with means the political chaos of Spain is only likely to escalate.

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