Tehran, Iran – Tens of thousands of Iranians have taken to the roads across the country to indicate the 40th anniversary of the 1979 revolution, even beating their allegiance to the nation’s Islamic principles at a time of increasing economic and political pressure amid the resumption of punishing US sanctions.
In his speech to the demonstrators assembled at Tehran’s Azadi (Freedom) Square on Monday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani disregarded US efforts to isolate Tehran, stating US sanctions couldn’t violate the Islamic Republic.
“The presence of people today on the roads around Islamic Iran… means that the enemy will never reach its evil objectives,” Rouhani said, adding that the country will continue to pursue its own missile programme to shield the country from external threats.
“We have not asked, and will never ask for permission in creating our missile arsenal because we continue to pursue our route to military could.”
Iran organises the domestic rally every February 11 to highlight the size of grassroots support to the revolution, which changed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi’s government by an Islamic Republic under Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Domestically, the occasion is also referred to as Ten-Day Dawn to commemorate the span of violent protests after the February 1, respectively 1979 return of Khomeini out of exile. Additionally, it marks the official conclusion of their 2,500 years of the Persian Empire.
Back in Tehran, hundreds of thousands of marchers gathered at Azadi Square, one of the capital’s most iconic temples constructed from the United States-backed shah and renamed following the success of those forces loyal to Khomeini.
In his speech, President Rouhani added that the 1979 revolution saved the nation”out of tyranny, colonisation and dependence”.
“The country has managed to establish a network of Islamic Republic as well as an independent system of authorities,” Rouhani said, as he worried that the nation has also managed to”transparency that the conspiracies” led by the US and also Israel.
|Iran organises the domestic rally every February 11 to highlight the size of grassroots support to its revolution [Mohammad Ali Najib/Al Jazeera]|
Amid snow and rain which covered parts of the European capital, demonstrators marched through major streets carrying anti-US and Saudi banner ads and signs.
Demonstrators also chanted,”Death to America”,”Death to Israel” and”Death to the al-Saud” family of Saudi Arabia.
One demonstratoran accountant at his 30s, told Al Jazeera that he participates at the march every year. He is marching with their nine-year-old son his wife and other relatives\.
The man, who asked not to be named, said that he stays loyal to the principles of the Islamic Republic, but also calls on public officials to root out corruption in the authorities.
Security has been tightened across Iran in the lead-up into Monday’s events. Last calendar year, gunmen dressed in fatigues opened fire in a military march in Ahvaz indicating the 30th anniversary of the conclusion of the Iran-Iraq war, killing at 29 people and wounding scores.
Because the revolution, that combined the nation contrary to the shah, the country appears today to become more divided between the hardliners, who think in the strict execution of laws in 40 decades past, along with the reformists, that are pushing for greater economic transparency and more freedoms among its own population.
In 2017, President Hassan Rouhani was reelected in a vote found a litmus test for his main achievement – a landmark nuclear deal signed with all world powers in 2015 and the subsequent lifting of challenging economic sanctions that had long strangled the nation’s economy.
But last year, the US unilaterally abandoned the United Nations-backed multilateral nuclear pact, reimposed sanctions and adopted a”maximum pressure” policy towards Iran.
US President Donald Trump‘s stance intends to induce Iran to reconcile the maturation of its missiles as well as its military presence throughout the Middle East. Iran rules out any negotiations.
Trump says he’s placed”the roughest sanctions ever imposed” from the US to some nation. Embargoes target key industries such as banking, petroleum and transport businesses to reduce the oil earnings of Iran – its primary source of hard money.
Washington wants to affect the livelihood of ordinary Iranians who’ve been embattled by skyrocketing consumer costs following a dramatic drop in the value of the Iranian currency, the rial, thanks mostly to US sanctions which maintain Iran’s access to hard currency in check.
The persisting severe financial hardship has angered low-income Iranians, igniting sporadic protests and strikes on the last year.
To save the nuclear deal, Britain, France and Germany recently launched the Instrument In Support Of Trade Exchanges, a mechanism to carry out non-dollar commerce with Iran and bypass Washington’s sanctions.
But while Iran and Europe function to conserve the nuclear pact, both European Union and the UN have demonstrated indications of discord within Iran’s ballistic missile task and the accusations of assassination plots allegedly carried out by Iran on European land. Tehran, which says that its own ballistic missiles will be utilized for purposes, denies the allegations.
On Friday, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei expressed scepticism about Europe’s will to act in Iran’s interest.
|Monday’s event can be Called Ten-Day Dawn to commemorate the interval of protests following the February 1, respectively 1979 return of Ayatollah Khomeini from exile [Mohammad Ali Najib/Al Jazeera]|
“I advocate that you should not expect that the Europeans, in the same way the Americans,” he was quoted as stating. “We don’t say, do not have connections , but it is an issue of trust”
Khamenei stated the Iranian nation”won’t leave the’Death to America'” slogan provided that the US continues its”wickedness”.
The chant, that is a signature motto in Iran since the beginning of the revolution also echoes throughout the annual commemoration of this 1979 event, means”passing to American rulers”, Khamenei said, referring to name to Trump; National Security Adviser John Bolton and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
This year’s commemoration comes just prior to a summit organised by the US in Poland’s capital, Warsaw, which can be seen as an anti-Iran collecting.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, as well as leaders in Iran’s regional rival Saudi Arabia and its allies, are anticipated in Warsaw on February 13 and 14 to attend the assembly, billed as aiming to promote”a future of peace and security in the Middle East”.
An announcement that the summit was”focused on Iran” was met with anger from Tehran and dismay at Brussels at which EU officials fight to maintain the nuclear deal living.
On Sunday, commenting on more recent announcements that the Warsaw meeting won’t concentrate on Iran, Iranian Foreign Mohammad Javad Zarif said:”The summit will be doomed to failure from the beginning,” as the US withdrew from the initial stance.