Among Russia’s oldest prisons is to be shut after its inmates are moved to a new detention facility, the construction of which the Moscow mayor’s office has agreed to finance\.
It is fantastic news for people kept at the prison, which is old enough to count among its sooner cellmates the famed leader of the century peasant rebellion, Yemelyan Pugachev.
The thought to close down Butyrka with its cells has been hanging in the atmosphere for decades. According to deputy director of the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN), the decision to eventually get rid of this facility has been accepted. Another less crude pretrial prison at Moscow, Presnya, will see the same fate, he also told Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper.
“Initially we planned to create a new facility instead of Presnya, that would house 2,000 inmates, with our funding. However, the mayor’s office suggested another option — to shut down Butyrka and also Matrosskaya Tishina and build a brand new modern 80-hectare 5,000-bed pretrial facility with the town’s cash,” Valery Maksimenko stated.
Matrosskaya Tishina’s destiny, yet another historical prison in Moscow, is still under deliberation, he explained. The prison is to be constructed somewhere on the outskirts of Moscow as part of the massive development project called”New Moscow”, he said. The work may begin in January.
Officially, or butyrka Pretrial Detention Facility No two, began its history since the barracks of a hussar regiment together with a jail. In 1771, Empress Catherine the Great ordered a prison castle built in its place\. The building’s four towers still exist within their prison, preserved throughout the rebuilding projects\. Among them, where Pugachev had been held \before his execution, is called after the rebel.
Among other offenders of Butyrka is poet when he had been suspected of political crimes and ties together with anarchists Vladimir Mayakovsky, who spent 11 months there in 1908-1909. Dreaded Bolshevik security leader Felix Dzerzhinsky was held at the prison after being detained in 1916, but had been published in February next year following the royal family was ousted from power. Others comprise distance engineer Sergey Korolev, poet Osip Mandelstam and author and political activist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.
Butyrka was visited by some people . Harry Houdini staged among his leaks that were famous . Singer Feodor Chaliapin is thought to have given a concert in 1920. As he prepared to play with a Russian villain at Iron Man 2 and in 2009 actor Mickey Rourke visited it.
FSIN was looking to substitute Butyrka for many a long time\. The prison could hardly be called suitable for \living. A private developer wanted to buy the prison at the 2000s, but was scared away by the price of a brand new modern prison, that FSIN desired in return.
With Moscow consenting to foot the bill, the old fort would be to become property of the city after the offenders are moved, according to Maksimenko\. He said he expects that the buildings have been preserved for their historic value and not torn down to the pricey land they stand .
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