the-most-intense-human-spaceflight-records

Looking Back: 45 Years of American Spacewalks



NASA astronaut Ed White called it”the most bizarre moment of my life” when Mission Control ordered him back inside his Gemini 4 spacecraft after making America’s first spacewalk on June 3, 1965.

On April 12, 1961, humankind became a spacefaring species if cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin blasted into orbit around a 108-minute journey high over Earth.

So Gagarin place the original document — first man in space. As our species has extended its toehold in the cold depths of 24, However, over time, individuals have notched a number of records. 

Here’s a look at some of these marks, in the oldest person in space to the most consecutive days spent away from terra firma.

Connected: Largest Everlasting of Human Spaceflight

First folks in distance

Gagarin was the first person to fly in space, and the first American followed only a few weeks after. Alan Shepard smashed off on Freedom 7 on May 5, 1961.

The very first female in space was Valentina Tereshkova, a Russian cosmonaut, who flew in space June 1963. There were several female cosmonauts but not one of the others flew. The next woman in area, Svetlana Savitskaya, did not fly 1982. The very first American woman in space was Sally Ride, that reached space on June 18, 1983 as part of space shuttle mission STS-7.

For nearly 20 years, the Americans and the Soviets were not the only nations with astronauts. The first nation outside of the two countries to fly the astronaut was that the former Czechoslovakia, that observed Vladimir Remek fly on the Soviet Soyuz 28 mission in 1978. Ever since then, dozens of nations from throughout the world have seen their citizens fly in space American, Soviet or Russian spacecraft.

Oldest person in space

U.S. Sen. John Glenn(*************************), D-Ohio, was 77 when he flew on space shuttle Discovery’s STS-95 assignment in October 1998. The assignment marked Glenn’s next spaceflight; he’d become the first American to orbit the Earth back in February 1962.

So Glenn holds another record as well: the maximum time between trips to space (36 years 8 weeks ).

The earliest girl in area was Peggy Whitson, who had been 57 years old through her final excursion (Expeditions 50, 51 and 52 at 2016-2017).

Youngest person in space

Cosmonaut Gherman Titov was just one month shy of his 26th birthday if he launched into orbit aboard the Soviet spacecraft Vostok two in August 1961. He was the next man to orbit the Earth, performing 17 loops around our planet through his 25-hour flight.

Titov was also the first person to maneuver in distance, and allegedly the first to suffer with”space sickness” (motion sickness in space).

Tereshkova was not just the very first woman in space, but also the most adorable — her list of 26 years still stands today.

Most consecutive times in distance

Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov spent almost 438 consecutive days aboard the Mir space station, in January 1994 on March 1995. He set the other man for wobbliest legs when he touched \– and holds the record for individual spaceflight.

The most consecutive times in space from an American is 340 days, which happened when Scott Kelly participate in a one-year mission to the International Space Station at 2015-16 (along with Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko).

The maximum single flight by a woman happened in 2016-17, when American astronaut Peggy Whitson invested 288 days aboard the space station. NASA astronaut Christina Koch has been scheduled to break this album when she returns from a 328-day mission to the space station in the spring of 2020. 

Shortest spaceflight assignment

Alan Shepard, on May 5, 1961, became the first most first American in space. Shepard’s suborbital flight in NASA’s Freedom 7 vehicle lasted just 15 moments, carrying him into a altitude of 115 kilometers (185 kilometers ). He splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean only 302 miles (486 km) downrange of his Florida launch website.

Shepard would afterwards get more than that very small taste of distance expertise. Back in 1971, he went to the moon on NASA’s Apollo 14 mission. During that trip, the 47-year-old astronaut set a second record, becoming the oldest person to walk the top of some other world.

Farthest off

The record for the best distance from Earth has stood for more than four decades. Back in April 1970, the team of NASA’s Apollo 13 mission swung across the far side of the moon at an altitude of 158 kilometers (254 km), putting them 248,655 kilometers (400,171 kilometers ) from Earth. It’s the farthest our species has ever been out of our home planet\.

Most complete time spent in space

Cosmonaut Gennady Padalka holds this record, with a little more compared to 878 days accrued more than five spaceflights. That is two and a half a year (2 years 4 weeks 3 weeks 5 days) spent zipping round the Earth at about 17,500 mph (28,164 kph).

For women, the record is held by NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, who spent more than 665 times in space. This has been the record for any American astronaut.

Longest constantly inhabited spacecraft

This document belongs to the International Space Station, and it grows daily. The $100 billion global laboratory was continuously inhabited since Nov. 2, 2000. [Infographic: The International Space Station – Inside and Out]

This length of time — and two days, since the first station crew launched Oct. 31, 2000 — also marks the maximum period of continuous human presence in space.

Longest space shuttle mission

The space shuttle Columbia established on its STS-80 mission on Nov. 19, 1996. It was originally slated to return to Earth which Dec. 5, but bad weather pushed the landing two weeks. After Columbia finally came home, it had spent nearly 17 times and 16 hours at space — a listing for a shuttle mission. [Most Memorable Space Shuttle Missions]

Most time around the moon

Back in December (*******************************************************************************************************************************************), respectively Harrison Schmitt and Eugene Cernan of NASA’s Apollo 17 assignment spent only below 75 hours — more than three times — poking around to the surface of the moon. In addition they performed three moonwalks that continued a total of over 22 hours.

Possibly the astronauts lingered since they suspected humanity wouldn’t be back for some time — Apollo 17 indicated the last time folks traveled to the heavens, or even went beyond low-Earth orbit.

past, the first moonwalk took place on July 20, 1969, during Apollo 11, when Neil Armstrong stepped out of the Eagle lunar module. His crewmate Buzz Aldrin followed him. Even the moonwalk lasted a bit over 2 hours31 minutes — about precisely exactly the exact same span of a normal Hollywood movie.

Fastest human spaceflight

The crew of NASA’s Apollo 10 moon assignment reached a top rate of 24,791 miles (39,897 kph) relative to Earth as they rocketed back to our world May 26, 1969. That. 

The Apollo 10 mission functioned as a dress rehearsal for NASA’s first moon landing two months afterwards, on July 20, 1969.

Apollo 10 astronauts Cernan, John Young and Tom Stafford orbited the moon in their control module Charlie Brown and Lunar Module Snoopy. Later, Stafford and Cernan took the Snoopy lunar lander down to inside 50,000 ft (15,243 meters squared ) of the moon’s surface before returning to dock with all the Charlie Brown module.

Most spaceflights with an astronaut

This one is shared by just two NASA astronauts. Franklin Chang-Diaz and Jerry Ross equally moved seven times aboard NASA’s space shuttles\. Chang-Diaz produced his flights between 1986 and 2002, although Ross made his between 1985 and 2002.

First spacewalks

The initial spacewalk was conducted Alexei Leonov, who conducted a 12-minute spacewalk through Voshkod two on March (*******************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************), respectively 1965. The astronaut later said that he had trouble getting back in the spacecraft (his spacesuit ballooned) which he also was near getting heatstroke, however he made it back home safely.

The original American spacewalk was performed by Ed White on June 3, 1965. The first spacewalk with a female wasn’t for almost 20 years later, when Svetlana Savitskaya performed a spacewalk about July 25, 1984, outside of the Salyut 7 space station. The very first American woman to do a spacewalk has been Kathryn Sullivan, who abandoned space shuttle Challenger on Oct. 11, 1984.

The very first untethered spacewalk (among just a few performed) occurred on Feb. 7, 1984, when Bruce McCandless used the Manned Maneuvering Unit to maneuver from space shuttle Challenger during mission STS-41-B.

Many spacewalks

Russian cosmonaut Anatoly Solovyev created 16 spacewalks within the class of five missions at the 1980s and 1990s.

Solovyev spent more than 82 hours outside his spacecraft on these excursions — another album. [The Top 10 Soviet and Russian Science Missions]

U.S. astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria comes with an American album of 10 spacewalks, with a complete time spent outside of 67 hours 40 minutes. Close behind is your girl to produce the maximum spacewalks; American astronaut Peggy Whitson, performed 10 spacewalks over many assignments for a entire period of 60 hours 21 minutes.

Longest only spacewalk

On March (**************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************), respectively 2001, NASA astronauts Jim Voss and Susan Helms spent 8 hours and 56 moments outside the space shuttle Discovery and the International Space Station during the STS-102 assignment, performing any maintenance work and coordinating the lunar lab for the arrival of some other module.

It stays the longest spacewalk ever.

Largest distance collecting

It may sound unlucky, but the record for the largest human gathering in space stands 13 — which was set during NASA’s STS-127 shuttle mission aboard Endeavour at 2009.

In July 2009, Endeavour docked with the International Space Station. The shuttle crew then went linking the six spaceflyers there. Even the 13-individual party was the largest-ever gathering of people in space at the same moment.

While following NASA shuttle and station crews matched with the 13-individual record, it’s never been topped.

Most women in distance at once

This list stands at four women in orbit at precisely exactly the identical time.

In April 2010, NASA astronaut Tracy Caldwell Dyson traveled to the International Space Station at a Russian Soyuz spaceship. She was soon joined to the orbiting lab by NASA astronauts Stephanie Wilson and Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger along with Japan’s Naoko Yamazaki, that made the trip aboard the space shuttle Discovery on its STS-131 mission.

priciest spaceship

Member nations began building the International Space Station — that is about as long as a football field and boasts as much living space as a five-bedroom home — backwards into 1998. It was finished in 2012, although more expansions have been in shop.

The price for the orbiting laboratory was projected at $100 billion in 2011. This makes the station the single construction ever constructed\. The cost will continue to grow because of time along with modules operating the station.

This photo of the International Space Station was snapped by an STS-133 crew member on the space shuttle Discovery on March 7, 2011.

This photo of the International Space Station was snapped by an STS-133 crew member on the space shuttle Discovery on March 7, 2011.

(Image: © NASA)

Biggest spaceship ever constructed

Once again, the International Space Station is the winner.

The orbiting lab is that the product of five area agencies representing more than 15 nations. From one end of its backbone-like major truss to the other, it measures roughly 357.5 feet (109 meters) across. You will find huge solar arrays at each end of the truss, plus they have a wingspan of 239.4 ft (73 m).

Astronauts reside within a string of connected, pressurized modules which are connected to the main truss. These modules have a habitable space approximately equal to the interior cabin of a Boeing 747 jet. The channel is presently staffed by six astronauts, but that population has jumped into between nine and 13 people when a visiting vehicle — such as a Russian Soyuz or entirely crewed NASA shuttle was docked.

The space station is so large it may readily be viewed by the unaided eye in the floor if skywatchers have clear skies and know where to look. The station seems as a fast-moving bright light that can outshine the brightest star (Sirius) or Venus, based on seeing conditions.

Additional reporting by Space.com staff writer Hanneke Weitering and Elizabeth Howell, Space.com Contributor.

Follow Space.com senior distance author Mike Wall on Twitter: @michaeldwall. Follow Space.com for the most up-to-date in space science and mining information on Twitter @Spacedotcom and forth Facebook.

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